It's a metaphor.
In 1995, Robert D. Putnam, a political scientist wrote an essay entitled Bowling Alone: America's Declining Social Capital. It's not as depressing a book as it sounds (but it's not a comedy I won't lie to you.) Basically, it outlines various aspects of why American culture has become less social over time and some ways in which society can regain its sense of civic involvement. I read the book back in university and if you're interested in sociology you can check out some of his corollary essays to get a taste of it. One of the ideas that stuck with me was that of the television.
But whereas Putnam blamed the literal television for distracting people from human interaction, I take television to be a small manifestation of something much larger. What that larger thing is, I actually have no better word for. The best I can do is simply point out the fact that while a Television (capital T) is indeed just that, it's also something more. It's a metaphor. A metaphor for anything and everything that we use to consume and escape our daily lives. Some have even criticized Putnam for having missed the fact that sociologists were critical of things like radio for distracting from civic life long before TV was even a thing. But this misses the point that human beings have always had habits of consumption and escape. This isn't an inherently bad thing, at least I don't think so. But to be blind to the fact that it's happening at all...that is bad. Because if something isolates us like a Television does (capital T!), then we need to be aware of it if we hope to control our level of consumption rather than be controlled by it. We need to balance our Television use, with the Telephone.
Again I'm speaking of the metaphorical Telephone. Before we go on let's define these terms so I don't continue to pester you with parentheticals.
George's Homemade Metaphors (A Family Recipe)
Television: from ancient Greek τῆλε (tèle), meaning "far", and Latin visio, meaning "sight". Metaphorically, any thing or activity that is used to consume information or entertainment to the exclusion of other human beings. TL;DR Something that isolates.Telephone: From Ancient Greek τῆλε (têle, "afar") + φωνή (phōnḗ, "voice, sound"). Metaphorically, any thing or activity that is used to connect or interact with other human beings. TL;DR Something that connects.
All good? Good.
Television vs. Telephone
So now the question becomes, what is the new Television? What is the new Telephone? The answer is actually the same thing:
Smart phones place both a telephone and a television (literally and metaphorically) into our hands. But most of our consumption and connection no longer takes place in separate apps. They take place inside our social media. Facebook. Twitter. Instagram. Snapchat. The Big Four. These apps have the potential to be used as either Telephones or Televisions depending upon the whimsy of the user.
Now that we've covered what it means to use something as a Television or Telephone, let's take a look at some examples of usage depending on what app you're in. And remember that with each of these examples, Television doesn't equal bad and Telephone doesn't equal good. But by virtue of the fact that Television is easier than Telephone, some of the examples will appear negative.
Facebook as Television:
- Facebook stalking
- Cat Videos
- News, Think Pieces, Your Best Friend's political rant with 100 angry comments
- FB Omphaloskepsis. I.e. Nostalgically looking at your own newsfeed (I'm not the only one who does this right?)
- FB Live
Facebook as Telephone:
- Tagging your FB friends in a status or picture or video
- Making a cat video and sharing it with the world
- Writing a status that encourages dialogue
- Asking for advice or encouragement from the FB community
- FB Live (yeah it goes both ways)
Twitter as Television:
- *Scroll, scroll, scroll*
Twitter as Telephone:
- Having a twitter convo with friends (or strangers!)
- Starting or engaging in a hashtag trend
- Creating Memes
Instagram as Television:
- *Scroll, Scroll, Scroll*
- Living in the magnifying glass tab
- Clicking on endless hashtags
Instagram as Telephone:
- Sharing pics from your life (even more so if it includes people you can tag in the picture)
- Constructing an Insta Story that entertains your followers or engages with your friends
- Instagram Live
Snapchat as Television:
- Watching everyone's story
- Clicking on every news/promo story
- Looking at yourself in all the different filters (sorry that's Television)
Snapchat as Telephone:
- Snapping directly with a friend
- Constructing a story that entertains and engages with your friends
- Taking a picture of yourself in a filter and then sending it to someone (that's Telephone)
Now Go And Do Likewise
Did I miss anything? Are there new ways of using social media that haven't been thought of yet? I'm sure that there are. Leave me some comments on how best to use social media as a Television or a Telephone.