POLITICS

Debunking Trump Tweets: Can Trump Delay the Election?

Trump's latest tweet has sparked questions across the nation.

Of all the senseless tweets we've had to make sense of since Donald Trump was elected president of the United States in 2016, one of the most alarming went out on July 30th.

The tweet reads: "With Universal Mail-In Voting (not Absentee Voting, which is good), 2020 will be the most INACCURATE & FRAUDULENT Election in history. It will be a great embarrassment to the USA. Delay the Election until people can properly, securely and safely vote???"

For obvious reasons, many people around the world reacted strongly to the suggestion that Trump may try to delay the election. It's long been speculated that President Trump will dispute election results should he lose in November 2020, and this tweet seems to support the idea that Trump is priming his followers to question the validity of the results.

Does Trump have the power to delay the election?

Luckily, Trump does not actually have the power to delay the election, and it's incredibly unlikely that Congress would allow a delay.

By law, the presidential election is held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. For that date to be changed, both houses of Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate) would need to approve the delay. The constitution is very clear on the matter of election date change, and Congress would have to undertake the arduous process of amending the constitution in order to change the date.

As The New York Times points out, "Article II of the Constitution empowers Congress to choose the timing of the general election. An 1845 federal law fixed the date as the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. It would take a change in federal law to move that date. That would mean legislation enacted by Congress, signed by the president and subject to challenge in the courts."

Prominent law experts have also spoken out and confirmed that Trump doesn't have the power to move the election, including Democratic election lawyer Marc Elias.


Is universal mail-In voting a bad idea?

Not at all. In fact, mail-in voting has been a major part of elections since the Civil War when soldiers voted by mail from the battle field. Voter fraud is extremely rare in any case.

According to a study by the Brennan Center for Justice, incident rates of voter fraud in mail-in situations are between .0003% and .0025% nationwide. Oregon, the first state to institute universal mail in voting in 2000, have only documented about a dozen cases of proven fraud in the last two decades. According to The New York Times, "Numerous studies have shown that all forms of voting fraud are very rare in the United States. A panel that Mr. Trump established to investigate election corruption was disbanded in 2018 after it found no real evidence of fraud. Experts have said that voting by mail is less secure than voting in person, but it is still extremely rare to see broad cases of voter fraud."

Does mail-in voting disproportionately benefit the Democratic party?

It's unlikely. As the Brooking Institute points out, "The first state to adopt a universal mail-in ballot program was Oregon in 2000. Shortly after it was enacted, Adam J. Berinsky, Nancy Burns, and Michael W. Traugott sought to explore the impact of the new law. They found that voting by mail did not bring substantial numbers of new voters into electorate, nor did it have any effect on whether the electorate was more Democratic or more Republican. The only effect they found was that it helped keep regular voters in the electorate."

A Stanford study on the subject found: "(1) vote-by-mail does not appear to affect either party's share of turnout; (2) vote-by-mail does not appear to increase either party's vote share; and (3) vote-by-mail modestly increases overall average turnout rates, in line with previous estimates. All three conclusions support the conventional wisdom of election administration experts and contradict many popular claims in the media."

In summary, it is incredibly unlikely that Donald Trump will be successful in delaying the election, and he is incorrect about mail-in voting being subject to widespread voter fraud.

Check out this helpful graphic for more information:


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CULTURE

These Celebrities Want You to Register to Vote

Your favorites all want you to exercise your civic duty.

Today is National Voter Registration Day.

What does that mean? It means that if you've recently turned 18 or moved, you need to register to vote.

If you're not sure whether you've registered to vote, you can check in under a minute here. If it turns out that you're not registered to vote, you can figure out how to register here. If you're in New York, you can register online, and all you need is your driver's license. Unfortunately, you can't register online in all states, but you can find a voter registration station or fill out and mail paperwork everywhere; just make sure it's not at the last minute.

Exercising your civic duty is the hip, chic thing to do now, after all. All your favorite celebrities want you to do it.

Ariana Grande has been registering fans to vote at her Sweetener world tour events.

Blake Lively's husband (Ryan whatshisface) also wants you to vote.

So does Grace of Will & Grace, I mean Debra Messing.

Meek Mill wants you to register to vote.

Zooey Deschanel put her usual cheery, dare I say summery, spin on voter registration.

Dear indie kids who are now old enough to vote but still young enough to worship Brendan Urie: enough said.

Country fans, take heed: Faith Hill is calling you.

The man who brought Alexander Hamilton to Broadway wants you to exercise the democratic right that the Founding Fathers worked so hard to endow us with.

Ellen wants you to vote. Do you really want to disappoint Ellen?

Tom Hanks wants you to vote, and he used a lot of exclamation points to prove it. #HANX.

Elvira, Queen of Halloween, wants you to vote.

The newly politicized Taylor Swift wants you to vote, too.

RuPaul used his Emmys acceptance speech to advise everyone to vote.

OK, so this was admittedly from 2018, but Rihanna said it best: "There's no greater responsibility than being in control of your future and it starts NOW!! REGISTER TO VOTE TODAY!"

Check back here later today, as we'll keep updating this list as more celebrities voice their support for democracy. You have till September 30th to register for the November elections!